The tax number is needed for many applications and procedures in Germany. However, the tax number causes confusion and uncertainties. Many don’t know what’s behind it, where to find it or if they even have one. We explain everything about the tax number, where you can ask for it, and what needs to be paid attention to.
The tax number is given to every person or business in Germany in order to identify them. It usually has to be added to all important documents like the tax statement or invoices. In this way, the tax office can assign various processes to a specific person and avoid confusion. A tax number is indispensable, especially for the work of self-employed persons. It is needed to be able to issue an invoice, i.e. to receive the agreed remuneration at all.
If you apply for the tax number online, the tax office sends the applicant a questionnaire by mail. In this “questionnaire for tax registration”, the expected turnover and profit must be stated. After sending in the completed questionnaire, it usually takes another two to six weeks for the tax office to send out the tax number. It is important that the questionnaire is completed in full and, above all, signed – if the signature is forgotten, this only delays the process unnecessarily.
Everyone who wants to prepare a tax return, an invoice or a similar document needs a tax number. Furthermore, every employer must know the tax numbers of his employees, as this is the only way he can pay the wage tax for his employee. The tax number is therefore located in the upper right corner of the wage tax card. An exception to this is jobs in which no more than 450 euros is earned: No tax is payable on this salary, which is why no tax number is required.
Self-employed persons, on the other hand, usually have to pay taxes and therefore need this number. Banks also often ask for the account holder’s tax number. This happens, for example, in cases where they have to provide information on compliance with the limits of exemption orders. Parents still need the tax number of themselves and their children in order to apply for child benefits. This is to prevent duplicate payments from occurring.
Business start-ups should apply for a tax number before starting their business. This happens at the relevant Federal Tax Office. Self-employed persons, on the other hand, usually have to pay taxes and therefore need this number. Banks also often ask for the account holder’s tax number. This happens, for example, in cases where they have to provide information on compliance with the limits of exemption orders. Parents still need the tax number of themselves and their children in order to apply for child benefits. This is to prevent duplicate payments from occurring.
Especially with new business start-ups, many questions arise. False information can cause consequences in both directions. Therefore, it is worth it to conduct a tax consultant, to go through every step of the information and to verify.
Once a tax number is assigned, it must be indicated on all invoices issued. In the case of international activity within the EU, on the other hand, the trader also receives a VAT identification number, which is issued by the Federal Central Tax Office, provided it is applied for. In this way, a unique assignment is also made possible in other European countries, and processes are simplified. The VAT ID can be indicated on invoices as an alternative to the tax number.
Tax registration of your self-employment
Apply for your tax number easily from home with GetMyInvoices and bring more flexibility to your self-employment: https://www.accountable.de/en/getmyinvoices-online-tax-registration/
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